The humble crunch maintains its spot at the top of the list for targeting tummy fat. Simply lie on your back with your knees bent and your feet flat on the floor.
With your hands behind your head, raise your torso, so your back is off the floor and your core muscles are worked. Return to the start position and repeat.
Once you’ve become a bit of an expert at the crunch you can graduate to the twist crunch. This is where you start in the original crunch position, but raise your feet off the ground slightly and when you crunch, with your hands behind your back, reach your elbow to the opposite knee and then repeat on the other side.
Standing straight and looking straight ahead, step forward with your left leg and bend your left leg until your knee is nearly touching the floor. Then twist your torso (not your hips) towards the right. Turn back to centre and repeat but on the following side.
Beginning on your side with your feet together, make sure your forearm is directly below your shoulder. Pulling in from your core, raise your hips until your body is in a straight line from head to feet. Hold this position and don’t let your hips drop. Repeat on the other side.
You can do this either outdoors or on a treadmill. Run as fast as you can for 30 seconds, followed by 30 seconds rest. Repeat between 10-15 times. The HIIT method of exercising is a very effective fat burner, and stands for High Intensity Interval Training.
has to be HIIT for using up calories, which is the only way to reduce fat. Then the others come to tone up muscle - but as we all know, it is all too easy to grow that 'winter coat' with too much food.